July 10: This Day in Black History
FEATURED: Jelly Roll Morton
1875: Mary McLeod Bethune, educator, civil rights leader and the founder of Bethune-Cookman College and the National Council of Negro Women. She passed away in 1955 at age 79.
1889: Noble Sissle was born. He was a jazz composer, lyricist, bandleader, singer and playwright. He is noted for his collaboration with songwriter, Eubie Blake. The pair first performed in vaudeville and later produced the musicals Shuffle Along and The Chocolate Dandies. Sissle is also, famously, the only African-American artist to appear in the Pathé film archives. He passed away in 1975 at age 86.
1905: Jazz singer Ivie Anderson was born. She performed with Duke Ellington’s orchestra for over 10 years and appeared as a singer in a couple of films. She developed chronic asthma and was force to retire. She passed away at age 44.
1927: David Dinkins was born. He served as the 106th Mayor of New York City, from 1990 to 1993. He was the first and is, to date, the only African American to hold that office. He turns 86 years old today.
1933: Richard Gordon Hatcher was born. In 1968, he became the first African American Mayor of Gary, IN. He was the first elected Black mayor of a U.S. metropolitan city and the first in the state of Indiana. He turns 80 years old today.
1941: Legendary pianist Jelly Roll Morton passed away this day. He was 50 years old.
1943: Tennis legend Arthur Ashe was born this day. He passed away in 1993 at age 49 of complications from AIDs contracted from a blood transfusion he received during heart bypass surgery.
1945: Actor of stage, television and film Ron Glass was born. He turns 68 years old today.
1954: WHBQ, a Memphis radio station, began playing Arthur “Big Boy” Crudup’s song “That’s All Right Mama” as recorded by a young singer named Elvis Presley, thus jump-starting the career of the most successful solo act in pop history. Presley later recorded Arthur’s “So Glad You’re Mine,” which Arthur had taken to #3 R&B in 1946.
1954: Clyde McPhatter & the Drifters reached #1 R&B with “Honey Love” despite the fact that several stations banned the record, including Memphis radio WDIA, for having “overtly sexual” lyrics.
1961: ‘Tossin’ & Turnin’ by Bobby Lewis was the number one song this day.
1962: Christoper Martin was born. He turns 51 years old today.
1962: Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and Rev. Ralph Abernathy were jailed in Albany, Georgia, on charges stemming from their arrest in December 1961 during a civil rights protest.
1966: James Brown performed at the Los Angeles Sports Arena while a riot was in full swing outside because an overflow of fans was denied entry to the sold-out show.
1966: The SCLC and CCCO held a huge rally at Chicago’s Soldier Field. Approximately 35,000 activists and community members were in attendance. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke and appealed to activists to remain nonviolent. Floyd McKissick, a chief proponent of black power and president of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), asserted that CORE supported the Chicago Freedom Movement’s decision on that point.
1972: Cora Calhoun aka Lovie Austin passed away. She was a Chicago bandleader, session musician, and composer and arranger during the ’20s classic blues era. She was 84 years old.
1975: Gladys Knight & the Pips began their own four-week summer replacement TV show on NBC.
1989: The Shirelles appeared in Nashville, but not to sing in the usual sense. They were in federal court suing local Gusto Records over improper payments of royalties on reissued hits. Ten months later they won.
1993: Kenyan runner Yobes Ondieki becomes the first man to run 10,000 meters in less than 27 minutes.
1993: While on a European tour, Chaka Khan performed at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Montreux, Switzerland, and continued on to the JVC Jazz Festival in Nice, France, and then on to the North Sea Jazz Festival in the Hague, the Netherlands.
1993: Cypress Hill charted with “Insane in the Brain,” reaching #19 pop and #27 R&B, making it the most successful single of their career. The rap trio named themselves after a Los Angeles street.
1994: Edgar Campbell passed away. He was 1/2 the soul duo Eddie & Ernie.
2010: Sugar Minott passed away at age 54. He was a singer and recording producer who helped to popularize reggae music.
2012: Maria Hawkins Cole passed away. She was the widow of Nat ‘King’ Cole and mother of Natalie. Before and after marrying the famed singer and piano player, Maria Hawkins Cole had her own long singing career, performing with greats such as Count Basie and Duke Ellington. She was 89 years old.